Up to 45% of American women of reproductive age use oral contraception - otherwise known as birth control pills or "the pill" - to prevent unwanted pregnancy. New oral contraceptives have recently been developed to be safer than their predecessors, which were linked to heart attacks. These third-generation contraceptives have been suggested to actually protect against heart attacks, yet a recent study in The New England Journal of Medicine provided different results.

The study examined the association between first-, second- and third-generation oral contraceptives and heart attacks in the Netherlands. Approximately 250 women who had suffered a heart attack and nearly 1,000 other women who had not were selected for the study. The 18- to 49-year-old women provided information on oral contraceptive use and other heart-attack risk factors.

Using any type of oral contraceptive doubled heart-attack risk. In particular, first-generation oral contraceptives increased heart-attack risk by 2.7 times; second-generation contraceptives increased risk 2.5 times; and third-generation contraceptives increased risk 1.3 times. Risks were highest among women who smoked, had diabetes, or had high levels of "bad" (LDL) cholesterol.

The data for third-generation oral contraceptives are inconclusive. Yet it appears that although they may provide a decreased risk for heart attacks compared to first- and second-generation pills, they may still slightly increase your risk for a heart attack.

Reference:

Tanis BC, van den Bosch M, Kemmeren JM, et al. Oral contraceptives and the risk of myocardial infarction. The New England Journal of Medicine 2001:345(25), pp. 1787-1793.

 

One on One

All Ontario patients are entitled to speak to their therapist or practioner via Telehealth, however, not all medical appointments may be best suited for this online format. Please review the list of services and conditions that are allowed for Telehealth, and a list of exclusion criteria.

Covid Safety

Our team of therapist and practitioners are registered and recognized to provide the best care possible, whether it be in person or via Telehealth. However, please note that not all insurance companies are up to date and you may wish to contact them to clarify individual policies.

Functional Movement

Our team of therapist and practitioners are registered and recognized to provide the best care possible, whether it be in person or via Telehealth. However, please note that not all insurance companies are up to date and you may wish to contact them to clarify individual policies.

Type of Injuries

If you are experiencing any of the following, we suggest that you first seek emergency care with your family doctor or emergency department at the hospital: Chest pain Shortness of breath Allergic reaction Choking Altered state of consciousness Head or neck injury
Articles - News - SiteMap