Prostate Cancer: Frequently Asked Questions

Prostate cancer is a common condition that affects many men, particularly as they age. If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, or suspect that you may be at risk for the condition, you likely have many questions. In this article, we'll answer some of the most frequently asked questions about prostate cancer.

  1. What is Prostate Cancer?
    Prostate cancer is a condition that occurs when cells in the prostate gland grow uncontrollably, forming a tumor. It can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.
  2. What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
    In the early stages, prostate cancer may not cause any symptoms. As the condition progresses, symptoms may include difficulty urinating, blood in the urine or semen, and pain in the back, hips, or pelvis.
  3. How is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?
    Prostate cancer can be diagnosed through a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test and a digital rectal exam. Additional tests, such as a biopsy, may also be used to help diagnose the condition.
  4. What are the Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer?
    There are several treatment options available for prostate cancer, depending on the stage and severity of the condition. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or a combination of these approaches.
  5. Can Prostate Cancer be Prevented?
    While it may not be possible to prevent prostate cancer entirely, there are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of developing the condition. These steps may include maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, and eating a healthy diet.
  6. How Often Should Men Be Screened for Prostate Cancer?
    The American Cancer Society recommends that men discuss their individual risk of prostate cancer with their healthcare provider and make an informed decision about screening. Screening may involve a PSA blood test and a digital rectal exam.

Prostate cancer can be a serious and potentially life-threatening condition, but there are many effective treatment options available. By understanding the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for prostate cancer, men can take steps to manage their risk and improve their overall health. If you have any concerns or questions about prostate cancer, be sure to speak to your healthcare provider.